International Journal of Automotive Engineering
Online ISSN : 2185-0992
Print ISSN : 2185-0984
ISSN-L : 2185-0992
Research Paper
Driving Safety and Real-Time Glucose Monitoring in Insulin-Dependent Diabetes
Jennifer MerickelRobin HighLynette SmithChristopher WichmanEmily FrankelKaitlin SmitsAndjela DrincicCyrus DesouzaPujitha GunaratneKazutoshi EbeMatthew Rizzo
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2019 Volume 10 Issue 1 Pages 34-40


Our goal is to address the need for driver-state detection using wearable and in-vehicle sensor measurements of driver physiology and health. To address this goal, we deployed in-vehicle systems, wearable sensors, and procedures capable of quantifying real-world driving behavior and performance in at-risk drivers with insulin-dependent type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). We applied these methodologies over 4 weeks of continuous observation to quantify differences in realworld driver behavior profiles associated with physiologic changes in drivers with DM (N=19) and without DM (N=14). Results showed that DM driver behavior changed as a function of glycemic state, particularly hypoglycemia. DM drivers often drive during at-risk physiologic states, possibly due to unawareness of impairment, which in turn may relate to blunted physiologic responses (measurable heart rate) to hypoglycemia after repeated episodes of hypoglycemia. We found that this DM driver cohort has an elevated risk of crashes and citations, which our results suggest is linked to the DM driver’s own momentary physiology. Overall, our findings demonstrate a clear link between at-risk driver physiology and real-world driving. By discovering key relationships between naturalistic driving and parameters of contemporaneous physiologic changes, like glucose control, this study directly advances the goal of driver-state detection through wearable physiologic sensors as well as efforts to develop “gold standard” metrics of driver safety and an individualized approach to driver health and wellness.

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© 2019 Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan, Inc
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