2021 Volume 12 Issue 2 Pages 32-40
In recent years, the traffic accidents rate and fatality are decreasing year by year. In comparison, the accident rate and fatality caused by two-wheeled vehicles are not decreasing trends. It is also a problem that the development of the safety systems for the two-wheeled vehicles is insufficient compared to that of the four-wheeled vehicles. Therefore, this study has the purpose modeling to predict the collision avoidance ability in case of a risky situation by using driving behaviors that can be obtained in real-time. For the experiment, a dynamic riding simulator that can control rolling motion was constructed, and the experiment was conducted with 18 test subjects (Mean age = 21.83, S.D. = 1.34). In the experiment, the driving behaviors of each emotional state were investigated based on an emotional model consisting of two axes of valence and arousal with sound stimulation and driving conditions. Driving behaviors were quantified using lateral control ability, head motion as confirmation behavior, and emotional state. The correlation between driving behaviors and collision avoidance ability was investigated. Lane position, one of the indicators of lateral control ability, has a quadratic functional correlation of R2 = 0.568, which is more correlated than other indicators. Moreover, multiple regression analysis was conducted using driving behaviors to predict overall collision avoidance ability. As a result, a model was constructed using driving behaviors with real-time measurement, to predict the rider’s collision avoidance ability when risky situations occur (R2 = 0.685, R2 adj = 0.655).