Fish Pathology
Online ISSN : 1881-7335
Print ISSN : 0388-788X
ISSN-L : 0388-788X
Research Articles
Percentage Dynamics of CD4-1+ and CD8α+ T Cells in Different Tissues at Various Developmental Stages in Ginbuna Crucian Carp Carassius auratus langsdorfii
Mohamed A. KhallafShino OgawaHideaki TodaYuta MatsuuraRyuichiro MiyazawaTeruyuki Nakanishi
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2018 Volume 53 Issue 1 Pages 10-18

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Abstract

Determination of numbers of T cell subsets in tissues is important to assess the functional maturity of the immune system. The distribution of T cells in lymphoid tissues during ontogenic development has been examined in several fish species using pan-T cell markers. However, information on the age-related changes in the number of T cell subsets in tissues is limited due to the lack of antibodies against CD4 and CD8 in fish. In the present study we examined the percentage dynamics of CD4-1+ and CD8α+ cells in various tissues accompanied with age of ginbuna crucian carp using flow cytometry. We found rapid increases in both CD4-1+ and CD8α+ T cells up until 6 months post-hatch (mph). CD4 and CD8 double-positive cells (DP cells) are present only in the thymus and DP cells increased, while double negative cells decreased, in fish up to 3-6 mph. The percentages of CD4-1+ T cells were always higher than those of CD8α+ T cells in the various tissues examined, except for the thymus and intestine. In contrast, significantly higher percentages of CD8α+ T cells than CD4-1+ T cells were found in the intestine during the period between 6 mph and 2 years post-hatch.

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© 2018 The Japanese Society of Fish Pathology
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