Japanese Journal of Health and Human Ecology
Online ISSN : 1882-868X
Print ISSN : 0368-9395
ISSN-L : 0368-9395
Studies on the Farmer's Dwellings on Toshima (An Isolated Island of Seven Islands of Izu.)
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1958 Volume 24 Issue 1 Pages 34-43,A3


The authors made an investigation and analysis of farmer's dwelling in Toshima Island, one of the i3olated island of the Seven Islands of Izu. The physical feature of the Island is characteristic because of steep cliff surounding the Island and a poor expansion of level area. Due to strong seasonal winds and rain, villages are located on the hilly part rich in groves of trees. According to the investigation performed, the following results were rea: hed :
1. The area of the residential part is 598 sq. meter (180.8 tsubo) on the average and the floor space of the main dwelling average 80.3 sq. meter (24.3 tsub3) which means that houses are small in comparison to the size or the land.
2. The length of time after the dwellings were built, is 40.9 years in average.
3. The number of room found 4.1 per house and size of rooms per total space of house, 39.4 sq. meters (23.2 Joo) which is comparable to the s'ze of room of forming vil'age in other district but the number of inhabitants was found as 5.4 persons per house, which is less than in el: ewhere. Hence, the usable room space is 7.3 sq. meters (4.3 J o) per person which is larger than the national average of 6.1 sq. meter (3.6 J3o).
4. The dwellung of the aged are detached.
5. The scale of farming is small and means of production are limited and the size of attached buildings (earthen store rooms, store house and barns) is not large.
6. The details of the dwellings, for example, kitchen, water supply, toilet and such things as location of barns, lighting and ventilation should resonably be improved

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