2008 Volume 2008 Issue 256 Pages 367-374,a1
Agricultural damage caused by wildlife is expanding to a nationwide scale in Japan. The ministry of agriculture, forestry and fisheries recommend the attempts to decrease agricultural damage caused by wildlife under the residents'cooperation instead of the attempts by an individual. This paper focuses on the relation between farmers' intentions to carry out the measures to decrease agricultural damage caused by wildlife and thecharacteristics of farming communities based on the questionnaire survey conducted in 14 farming communities of Wakayama prefecture in 2007. As a result of cluster analysis, the following characteristics of farming communities have connection with the following farmers' intentions; 1) the farming communities, which the ratio of paddy field to the total farmland is low and most of farm households are full-time, each farm household manage large farming scale, show the tendency that most farmers intend to carry out by plural farmers. 2) The farming communities, which decrease the number of farm households and acreage of farmland, show the tendency that most farmers intend to carry out by all residents. 3) The farming communities, which the ratio of paddy field to the total farmland is high and farmland consolidation was conducted, show the tendency that few farmers intend to carry out by individuals.These results tell the necessity of the considering to the characteristics of farming communities in the introduction of the measures.