Microbes and Environments
Online ISSN : 1347-4405
Print ISSN : 1342-6311
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2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid (2,4-D)- and 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid (2,4,5-T)-Degrading Bacterial Community in Soil-Water Suspension during the Enrichment Process
Nguyen L. HuongKazuhito ItohKousuke Suyama
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2008 Volume 23 Issue 2 Pages 142-148

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Abstract

Changes in the bacterial community in soil-water suspensions during the enrichment period of 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T degraders were examined using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis of the 16S rRNA gene. The nucleotide sequences of almost all major bands at the degradation of 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T corresponded to those of 2,4-D- and 2,4,5-T-degrading isolates, and successions of diverse 2,4-D- and 2,4,5-T-degrading bacterial communities were demonstrated in the DGGE profile. These results suggested that 2,4-D- and 2,4,5-T-degrading isolates were responsible for the degradation of 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T in soil-water suspensions; however, one major band of a non-degrader was found in some cases. Therefore, to elucidate the relationship between the structures and functions of bacterial communities, the importance of a combined approach using both culture-dependent and -independent methods was demonstrated.

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© Japanese Society of Microbial Ecology / Japanese Society of Soil Microbiology / Taiwan Society of Microbial Ecology
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