2019 Volume 34 Issue 1 Pages 95-98
Supplementation with conductive magnetite particles promoted methanogenic acetate degradation by microbial communities enriched from the production water of a high-temperature petroleum reservoir. A microbial community analysis revealed that Petrothermobacter spp. (phylum Deferribacteres), known as thermophilic Fe(III) reducers, predominated in the magnetite-supplemented enrichment, whereas other types of Fe(III) reducers, such as Thermincola spp. and Thermotoga spp., were dominant under ferrihydrite-reducing conditions. These results suggest that magnetite induced interspecies electron transfer via electric currents through conductive particles between Petrothermobacter spp. and methanogens. This is the first evidence for possible electric syntrophy in high-temperature subsurface environments.