2020 Volume 35 Issue 1
Diverse members of Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens, B. japonicum, and B. ottawaense were isolated from the roots of field-grown sorghum plants in Fukushima, and classified into “Rhizobia” with nodulated soybeans, “Free-living diazotrophs”, and “Non-diazotrophs” by nitrogen fixation and nodulation assays. Genome analyses revealed that B. ottawaense members possessed genes for N2O reduction, but lacked those for the Type VI secretion system (T6SS). T6SS is a new bacterial weapon against microbial competitors. Since T6SS-possessing B. diazoefficiens and B. japonicum have mainly been isolated from soybean nodules in Japan, T6SS-lacking B. ottawaense members may be a cryptic lineage of soybean bradyrhizobia in Japan.