Microbes and Environments
Online ISSN : 1347-4405
Print ISSN : 1342-6311
ISSN-L : 1342-6311
Short Communication
Diversity of Bradyrhizobium in Non-Leguminous Sorghum Plants: B. ottawaense Isolates Unique in Genes for N2O Reductase and Lack of the Type VI Secretion System
Sawa Wasai-HaraShintaro HaraTakashi MorikawaMasayuki SugawaraHideto TakamiJunich YonedaTsuyoshi TokunagaKiwamu Minamisawa
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2020 Volume 35 Issue 1


Diverse members of Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens, B. japonicum, and B. ottawaense were isolated from the roots of field-grown sorghum plants in Fukushima, and classified into “Rhizobia” with nodulated soybeans, “Free-living diazotrophs”, and “Non-diazotrophs” by nitrogen fixation and nodulation assays. Genome analyses revealed that B. ottawaense members possessed genes for N2O reduction, but lacked those for the Type VI secretion system (T6SS). T6SS is a new bacterial weapon against microbial competitors. Since T6SS-possessing B. diazoefficiens and B. japonicum have mainly been isolated from soybean nodules in Japan, T6SS-lacking B. ottawaense members may be a cryptic lineage of soybean bradyrhizobia in Japan.

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© 2020 by Japanese Society of Microbial Ecology / Japanese Society of Soil Microbiology / Taiwan Society of Microbial Ecology / Japanese Society of Plant Microbe Interactions / Japanese Society for Extremophiles.
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