2020 Volume 35 Issue 2 Article ID: ME19167
Bacterial endosymbionts inhabit diverse fungal lineages. Although the number of studies on bacteria is increasing, the mechanisms by which bacteria affect their fungal hosts remain unclear. We herein examined the homothallic isolate, Mortierella sugadairana YTM39, harboring a Burkholderiaceae-related endobacterium, which did not produce sexual spores. We successfully eliminated the bacterium from fungal isolates using ciprofloxacin treatment and asexual spore isolation for germinated asexual spores. Sexual spore formation by the fungus was restored by eliminating the bacterium from isolates. These results indicate that sexual reproduction by the fungus was inhibited by the bacterium. This is the first study on the sexual spore infertility of fungal hosts by endofungal bacteria.