Microbes and Environments
Online ISSN : 1347-4405
Print ISSN : 1342-6311
ISSN-L : 1342-6311
Regular Paper
Transient-rare Bacterial Taxa Are Assembled Neutrally across Temporal Scales
Sang-Hoon LeeTaek-Seung KimHee-Deung Park
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Supplementary material

2021 Volume 36 Issue 1

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Abstract

Despite the importance of microbial communities in ecosystem functions, the mechanisms underlying the assembly of rare taxa over time are poorly understood. It remains largely unknown whether rare taxa exhibit similar assembly processes to common taxa in local communities. We herein retrieved the 16S rRNA sequences of bacteria collected bimonthly for 2 years from the Pohang wastewater treatment plant. The transient-rare taxa showed different abundance distributions from the common taxa. Transient-rare taxon assemblages also exhibited higher temporal variations than common taxon assemblages, suggesting the distinct ecological patterns of the two assemblages. A multivariate analysis revealed that environmental parameters accounted for 25.3 and 61.6% of temporal variations in the transient-rare and common taxon assemblages, respectively. The fitting of all observed taxa to a neutral community model revealed that 96.4% of the transient-rare taxa (relative abundance, 71.4%) and 73.3% of the common taxa (relative abundance, 45.6%) followed the model, suggesting that stochastic mechanisms were more important than deterministic ones in the assembly of the transient-rare taxa. Collectively, the present results indicate that the transient-rare bacterial taxa at the Pohang wastewater treatment plant differed from the common taxa in ecological patterns, suggesting that dispersal is a key process in their assembly.

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© 2021 by Japanese Society of Microbial Ecology / Japanese Society of Soil Microbiology / Taiwan Society of Microbial Ecology / Japanese Society of Plant Microbe Interactions / Japanese Society for Extremophiles.
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