Microbes and Environments
Online ISSN : 1347-4405
Print ISSN : 1342-6311
ISSN-L : 1342-6311
Regular Paper
Accelerated Iron Corrosion by Microbial Consortia Enriched from Slime-like Precipitates from a Corroded Metal Apparatus Deployed in a Deep-sea Hydrothermal System
Satoshi Wakai Sanae SakaiTatsuo NozakiMasayuki WatanabeKen Takai
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2024 Volume 39 Issue 5 Article ID: ME23089

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Abstract

Microbiologically influenced corrosion refers to the corrosion of metal materials caused or promoted by microorganisms. Although some novel iron-corrosive microorganisms have been discovered in various manmade and natural freshwater and seawater environments, microbiologically influenced corrosion in the deep sea has not been investigated in detail. In the present study, we collected slime-like precipitates composed of corrosion products and microbial communities from a geochemical reactor set on an artificial hydrothermal vent for 14.5 months, and conducted culture-dependent and -independent microbial community ana­lyses with corrosive activity measurements. After enrichment cultivation at 37, 50, and 70°C with zero-valent iron particles, some of the microbial consortia showed accelerated iron dissolution, which was approximately 10- to 50-fold higher than that of the abiotic control. In a comparative ana­lysis based on the corrosion acceleration ratio and amplicon sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene, three types of corrosion were estimated: the methanogen-induced type, methanogen–sulfate-reducing bacteria cooperative type, and sulfate-reducing Firmicutes-induced type. The methanogen-induced and methanogen–sulfate-reducing bacteria cooperative types were observed at 50°C, while the sulfate-reducing Firmicutes-induced type was noted at 37°C. The present results suggest the microbial components associated with microbiologically influenced corrosion in deep-sea hydrothermal systems, providing important insights for the development of future deep-sea resources with metal infrastructures.

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© 2024 by Japanese Society of Microbial Ecology / Japanese Society of Soil Microbiology / Taiwan Society of Microbial Ecology / Japanese Society of Plant Microbe Interactions / Japanese Society for Extremophiles.
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