2005 Volume 48 Issue 3 Pages 144-150
In weaving welding where a V groove exists, the heat input distribution is an important factor that determines the defectiveness of the bead shape, undercut and over-lap. In this study, the amount of heat input, which is determined by the welding current, voltage, speed and weaving conditions is calculated through mathematical development and numerical methods. Furthermore, the heat input distribution as a two-dimensional heat source was observed when applied to each groove. Therefore, a heat input control algorithm is suggested to prevent the defects generated from undercut or over-lap, which was verified through an analysis of the heat input distribution.