1999 Volume 42 Issue 3 Pages 348-354
Cellular Automata(CA) are examples of dynamical systems which exhibit"self organizing"behavior with increasing time. They are useful in modeling modular systems. One such application of modularity is described in this paper where a structural plate is considered as composed of smaller"structural modules"which are considered as cells in a lattice of sites in a CA and have discrete values updated in discrete time steps according to local rules. These local rules are generally fixed in a CA, but we consider these rules as evolvable. To evolve the local rules, we use the Genetic Algorithm(GA) model. In this paper, two structural optimization methods by Evolutionary Cellular Automata(ECA) are presented. ECA is a Cellular Automata(CA) which is optimized for computation of certain problems by the Genetic Algorithm(GA). The first method is called"Direct Rule Encoding"and the other is called"Indirect Rule Encoding". Direct Rule uses configuration of the neighborhood state as the CA's input. Indirect Rule uses the"Ratio"between given cells' stress and sum of neighborhood stresses. These two methods are applied to minimize weight design problems and adaptive solutions are obtained From this experiment, we observe that Indirect Rule is effective in large scale problems.