Journal of the Textile Machinery Society of Japan
Online ISSN : 1881-1159
Print ISSN : 0040-5043
Numerical Analysis of Viscoelastic Start-up Flow in Abrupt Contraction-Expansion Channels using Stress Power
Takehiro YamamotoKiyoji Nakamura
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1999 Volume 45 Issue 4 Pages 93-100


The Start-up flow of viscoelastic fluids in three abrupt contraction-expansion channels was numerically studied using the Leonov model. A slit channel connects two parallel conduits, and the three contraction-expansion channels are different in the slit length. The analysis in terms of the stress power showed that the swell of the flow at the expansion region was related to the release of elastic energy which was stored in the upstream channel; when the slit length is shorter, more elastic energy should be released at the expansion region, hence the swell occurred more greatly.

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