Journal of Water and Environment Technology
Online ISSN : 1348-2165
ISSN-L : 1348-2165
Original Articles
Evaluation of Dissolved Greenhouse Gas Profiles in Paddy Fields Irrigated with Treated Sewage Effluent
Shuhei MasudaFumiaki TakakaiKunihiro OkanoSota TakedaDong D. PhamNaoyuki MiyataToru Watanabe
Author information
Supplementary material

2022 Volume 20 Issue 2 Pages 59-69


As the need for sustainable rice cultivation increases, irrigation with treated sewage effluent (TSE) has become a reasonable solution and its impact on the emission of greenhouse gas (GHG), CH4 and N2O, has gained increasing attention. Despite TSE containing dissolved GHGs, previous studies have not focused on the spatiotemporal profile and impact of TSEs on GHG assessments. Therefore, we conducted an experiment with the pilot-scale reactor using TSE irrigation to assess the importance of the dissolved GHG profiles. The TSE originally contained dissolved CH4 and N2O. The results showed that the dissolved CH4 concentrations in the TSE were higher than those in the paddy fields. Although the TSE contained dissolved N2O, it was also produced in the soils. Moreover, microorganisms, such as Candidatus Nitrotoga arctica and Methanospirillum, became dominant species. Our study demonstrates that measuring the spatiotemporal profiles of dissolved GHGs in paddy fields, as well as in TSE, can lead to more reliable GHG monitoring by assessing the dissolved GHGs in the inflow and outflow of paddy fields.

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© 2022 Japan Society on Water Environment

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