2011 Volume 9 Issue 4 Pages 359-369
Addition of coagulant to the activated sludge process is an effective method to remove phosphorus from wastewater. Recently, iron electrolysis method has been developed as a new methodology of addition of coagulant into the activated sludge process. Although this process has been applied to industrial wastewater treatment plants or small-scale domestic wastewater treatment plants, the phosphorus removal performance by iron electrolysis combined with full-scale activated sludge process has not been clear yet. The objective of this study is to investigate the phosphorus removal efficiency by iron electrolysis combined with the activated sludge process. The enhanced biological phosphorus removal took place and phosphorus removal efficiency was increased without iron addition because of the occurrence of anaerobic condition in the surveyed wastewater treatment plant. Phosphorus removal performance in the investigated wastewater treatment plant was improved by the iron electrolysis. Effluent phosphorus concentration was decreased below 1.0 mg/L with additional iron of Fe/P molar ratio 0.4. The theoretical weight of iron release agreed with the actual weight decrease of iron electrodes. The introduction of iron electrolysis to the activated sludge process could enhance the phosphorus removal efficiency without any effects on substrate removal performance and make the phosphorus removal to be stable and sustainable.