Mineralogical Journal
Online ISSN : 1881-4174
Print ISSN : 0544-2540
ISSN-L : 0544-2540
 
Evaporation rates of forsterite in the system Mg2SiO4–H2
Akira TSUCHIYAMAToshio TAKAHASHIShogo TACHIBANA
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1998 Volume 20 Issue 3 Pages 113-126

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Abstract

Evaporation experiments of forsterite single crystals were carried out in H2 gas (1.4×10−5 bar H2) at temperatures ranging form 1200 to 1450°C. Forsterite evaporated congruently. The measured evaporation rates of {010} surfaces were jFo=2480[mole cm−2sec−1]exp(−372[kJ mole−1]⁄RT). A model on the evaporation rates of forsterite in the system Mg2SiO4–H2, where free evaporation-dominated (RED) and hydrogen reaction-dominated (HRD) regimes are included, was revised based on the Hertz-Knudsen equations with equilibrium vapor pressures. The measured evaporation rates are less than the ideal rates calculated by the present model, showing that kinetics at the evaporating surfaces constrain the evaporation rates. The evaporation coefficients, which are defined as the ratios between measured and calculated rates, were 0.04–0.12. Data on present and previous experiments of forsterite evaporation in H2 gas and vacuum were compiled, and compared with the calculated rates. The evaporation coefficients varies from about 0.03 to 0.2 in a wide range of temperature and H2 pressure. No specific relation with temperature or total pressure was recognized, and the evaporation coefficient can be roughly regarded as 0.1 both in the FED and HRD regimes.

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© 1998 Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences
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