1996 Volume 93 Issue 1 Pages 10-18
Between 1986 and 1994, 66 patients with unresectable liver metastases from colorectal cancer were treated by repeated hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy employing an implantable port system. In this study, 44 patients who received intermittent hepatic arterial infusion of high dose 5-FU (1000mg/m2) were analysed according to a response rate, survival rates, developments of extrahepatic lesions, periods of hepatic arterial infusion, and the rates at home.
Two cases (4.5%) achieved a complete response (CR) and 27 cases (61.4%) a partial response (PR). The overall one-year and two-year survival rates were 56.7% and 37.8% respectively. The 50% survival time for all patients was 17.2 months. During the course of observation, extrahepatic lesions developed in 16 of the 39 patients (41.0%) and many responders died due to deterioration of extrahepatic lesions. The over all rates at home were more than 85%.
Hepatic a rterial infusion of the 5-FU at 1000mg/m2 every week showed a high response rate in colorectal cancer patients with hepatic metastases, and the responders showed a low rate of death due to the hepatic metastases. However, in many patients the prognosis-determining-factor was extrahepatic lesions. Thus, countermeasures were necessary for extrahepatic lesions.