Journal of the Phonetic Society of Japan
Online ISSN : 2189-5961
Print ISSN : 1342-8675
Feature Articles: International Transmission of the Best Papers Published in the Journal of the Phonetic Society of Japan
The Ikema Dialect of Miyako Rykyuan Has a Three-, not Two-, Pattern Accent System
Yosuke IgarashiTukinori TakuboYuka HayashiThomas PellardTomoyuki Kubo
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2016 Volume 20 Issue 1 Pages 47-60


In this paper we test the hypothesis that Ikema, a dialect of Miyako Ryukyuan, has a three-pattern accent system, where three accent classes, Types A, B, and C, are lexically distinguished, in contrast with previous studies which have claimed that it has a two-pattern accent system. The results of our analysis confirm the existence of three distinct accent classes. The three-way distinction can only be observed in quite restricted conditions, including when nouns followed by one or more bimoraic particles precede a predicate. The results also reveal that Type A words are few in number, indicating that Type A words are in the process of merging with Type B.

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© 2016 The Phonetic Society of Japan
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