2011 Volume 6 Pages 2405031
Tritium release in nuclear fusion power plants must be recovered as efficiently as possible in air cleanup system (ACS). In conventional ACS, the tritium gas is oxidized by catalysts, and then tritiated water vapor is collected by adsorbents, whereas which has a problem related to large ventilation force required to overcome high pressure drop in catalyst and adsorbent beds. Honeycomb-type catalyst and adsorbent offer a useful advantage in terms of their low-pressure drop, and honeycomb-type adsorbent using sepiolite-binder is feasible ability for application of ACS. In this study, we examined adsorption characteristics of water vapor on the building material, zeolitic materials using sepiolite-binder, for honeycomb-type adsorbent by changing temperature and concentration of water vapor, in comparison with those for conventional pebble-type adsorbent, and the experimental data were evaluated using Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models. Each type of adsorbent includes mainly zeolite-4A. Adsorption capacity of zeolitic materials for both adsorbents gradually decreased with decreasing partial pressure of water or increasing temperature, and experimental data are found to fit Langmuir than Freundlich. The maximum adsorption capacity of water vapor on zeolitic material for honeycomb-type adsorbent, which was calculated by Langmuir isotherm model, is comparable to that for pebble-type adsorbent, and heat of water adsorption on zeolitic material for honeycomb-type adsorbent was higher than that for pebble-type adsorbent. These results indicate that honeycomb-type adsorbent using sepiolite-binder is applicable to ACS.