The Journal of Physiological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1880-6562
Print ISSN : 1880-6546
ISSN-L : 1880-6546
Regular Papers
Resting and Postexercise Cardiac Autonomic Control in Trained Masters Athletes
S.J. BrownJ.A. Brown
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2007 Volume 57 Issue 1 Pages 23-29

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Abstract

This study used measures of heart rate variability during recovery from high-intensity exercise in trained Master athletes to examine postexercise cardiac autonomic regulation. Seven males (mean age 52.1 ± 3.3 yr; mass 85.1 ± 18.0 kg) and 6 females (mean age 50.5 ± 2.9 yr; mass 63.1 ± 6.0 kg) performed incremental exercise to an intensity that induced a >4.5 mmol capillary blood lactate concentration, followed by incremental exercise to volitional exhaustion (VO2max). A 6 min ECG recording before (Pre) and after (Post) exercise was analyzed in the time (mean rr interval, sd rr) and frequency domains (total power, very low frequency [VLF: 0–0.04 Hz], low frequency [LF: 0.04–0.15 Hz], high frequency [HF: 0.15–0.4 Hz]). VO2max for males and females was 49.4 ± 7.1 ml kg1 min1 and 45.1 ± 10.1 ml kg1 min1, respectively. Lower mean rr interval (Pre: 1,048 ± 128 ms; Post: 730 ± 78 ms; P < 0.001) and lower sd rr (Pre: 77 ± 30 ms; Post: 43 ± 17 ms; P < 0.001) were recorded following exercise, with no differences based on gender. Total power decreased following exercise (Pre: 6,331 ± 6,119 ms; Post: 1,921 ± 1,552 ms). When normalized for changes in total power, a decreased HF component (Pre: 34.52 ± 14.79 n.u.; Post: 18.49 ± 13.64 n.u.; P < 0.05) with no change in LF component (Pre: 61.00 ± 18.66 n.u.; Post: 69.63 ± 23.97 n.u.; P = 0.34) was recorded. No gender differences in HRV in the frequency domain were recorded. Decreased heart rate variability in both time and frequency domains suggested an increased parasympathetic withdrawal during the autonomic control of postexercise tachycardia in trained Master athletes.

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© 2007 by The Physiological Society of Japan
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