The Journal of Physiological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1880-6562
Print ISSN : 1880-6546
ISSN-L : 1880-6546
Regular Papers
Microstructure-Based Monte Carlo Simulation of Ca2+ Dynamics Evoking Cardiac Calcium Channel Inactivation
Toshihiro KawazuShingo MurakamiSatomi Adachi-AkahaneIan FindlayRachid Ait-HaddouYoshihisa KurachiTaishin Nomura
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2008 Volume 58 Issue 7 Pages 471-480


Ca2+ dynamics underlying cardiac excitation-contraction coupling are essential for heart functions. In this study, we constructed microstructure-based models of Ca2+ dynamics to simulate Ca2+ influx through individual L-type calcium channels (LCCs), an effective Ca2+ diffusion within the cytoplasmic space and in the dyadic space, and the experimentally observed calcium-dependent inactivation (CDI) of the LCCs induced by local and global Ca2+ sensing. The models consisted of LCCs with distal and proximal Ca2+ (Calmodulin-Ca2+ complex) binding sites. In one model, the intracellular space was organelle-free cytoplasmic space, and the other was with a dyadic space including sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane. The Ca2+ dynamics and CDI of the LCCs in the model with and without the dyadic space were then simulated using the Monte Carlo method. We first showed that an appropriate set of parameter values of the models with effectively extra-slow Ca2+ diffusion enabled the models to reproduce major features of the CDI process induced by the local and global sensing of Ca2+ near LCCs as measured with single and two spatially separated LCCs by Imredy and Yue (Neuron. 1992;9:197-207). The effective slow Ca2+ diffusion might be due to association and dissociation of Ca2+ and Calmodulin (CaM). We then examined how the local and global CDIs were affected by the presence of the dyadic space. The results suggested that in microstructure modeling of Ca2+ dynamics in cardiac myocytes, the effective Ca2+ diffusion under CaM-Ca2+ interaction, the nanodomain structure of LCCs for detailed CDI, and the geometry of subcellular space for modeling dyadic space should be considered.

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© 2008 by The Physiological Society of Japan
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