We investigated the effects of soaking temperature and duration on the germinability of seeds of rice (Oryza sativa L., cv. Koganemochi, Gohyakumangoku, and Koshihikari) that had been stored for a long period. The germinability of the seeds soaked at 5ºC for 5 d was markedly lower than that of seeds soaked at 12ºC for 5 d. The germinability of the seeds soaked at 5ºC for 24 hr was not increased by subsequent soaking at 12ºC for 4 d. On the other hand, the germinability of the seeds soaked either at 12ºC for 24 hr or at 30ºC for 80 min was similar to that of seeds soaked at 12ºC for 5 d, even when followed by treatment at 5ºC. Thus, the soaking temperature during the first 24 hr was most important for the germination of rice seeds that had been stored for a long period. Western blotting analysis revealed characteristic expression patterns of α-amylase isoforms in cultivars correlating with the germinability after soaking at a low-temperature.
2015 by The Crop Science Society of Japan