Plant Production Science
Online ISSN : 1349-1008
Print ISSN : 1343-943X
Interactive Effects of Sodium and Potassium on the Growth and Photosynthesis of Spinach and Komatsuna
Hisashi TomemoriKunio HamamuraKenji Tabane
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2002 Volume 5 Issue 4 Pages 281-285

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Abstract

Two cultivars of spinach and one cultivar of komatsuna were sand cultured using a nutrient solution with Na and K in various combinations. The growth (fresh weight of shoot) of spinach cv. Atlas was significantly increased when 1.4 mM KCl of the 7 mM KCl was replaced with 1.4 mM NaCl, although the growth was reduced when more KCl was replaced with NaCl. In another spinach cv. All Right, however, NaCl substituting for 20% of KCl showed no significant effects. In komatsuna, Na used in place of K at any ratio reduced the growth. The growth of spinach cv. Atlas was increased by applying 20 mM NaCl, irrespective of K dose (480-2400 mg K2O per 1/2000 a Wagner pot). The growth of spinach cv. All Right was also increased by 20 mM NaCl when K was at a deficient level (480-960 mg K2O per pot), but was not when K was at an excessive level (1920-2400 mg K2O per pot). In komatsuna, 20 mM NaCl reduced the growth. In spinach, Na prevented the decrease of the photosynthetic rate and stomatal conductance caused by K deficiency.

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