1996 Volume 14 Issue 1 Pages 122-128
The behavior of the superficial oxide film during the diffusion bonding of Al-Mg-Si series 6063 alloy and its influence on the bond strength have been investigated mainly by TEM observations in order to explain the effect of alloying elements on the bondability of aluminum alloys. When faying surfaces were finished by electropolishing, crystalline oxide particles less than a few 10-1μm in size were found to be dispersed on the joint interface of 6063 alloy, whereas rather continuous film of amorphous oxide remained at the joint interface of commercially pure aluminum. When faying surfaces were finished by wire brushing, an interfacial zone of a few μm thickness involving a number of fine oxide particles were found in the joint of 6063 alloy. A similar interfacial zone was also observed in the joint of pure aluminum, but its thickness and density of oxide particles were much greater than those in the joint of 6063 alloy. The crystalline oxide particle at the joint interface of 6063 alloy was identified as Al2MgO4 by SAD patterns. The formation of Al2MgO4 can be thermodynamically explained as a result of the following reaction between the superficial oxide film (Al2O3) and Mg : Mg+4/3 Al2O3→ Al2MgO4+2/3 Al. The tensile strength of the 6063 alloy joint was much higher than that of the pure aluminum, suggesting that the above difference in the behavior of the oxide film at the joint interface improved the bondability of 6063 alloy.