2022 Volume 50 Issue 1 Pages 127-135
Nonlinear shear and elongational rheology of entangled poly(propylene carbonate) (PPC) melts having different molecular weights with relatively narrow molecular weight distribution are examined. In shear measurements, the PPCs exhibit a typical shear thinning behavior with stress overshoot at high shear rates. In the shear rate dependence of the steady-state viscosity, the PPCs do not violate the empirical Cox-Merz rule, which is known to be valid for many other entangled polymer melts. In uniaxial elongational measurements, the viscosity growth functions of the PPCs show a weak deviation from the linear viscoelastic (LVE) envelope to the higher side at the high Weissenberg number Wid (=ετd, where ε is the elongation rate and τd is the characteristic disengagement time). The steady-state viscosity of the PPCs shows an elongational thinning as a function of ε −0.5 within an error. These results are similar to some other polymer melts such as polystyrene (PS). In addition, the normalized elongational viscosity growth functions of PPC and PS with a similar entanglement number Z, are compared. The PPC exhibits a similar viscosity growth curve to the PS at the same Wid. This result suggests that the degree of the monomeric friction reduction originated from the stretch/orientation of PPC under fast elongational flow might occur at the same level as PS.