Radiation Safety Management
Online ISSN : 1884-9520
Print ISSN : 1347-1511
ISSN-L : 1347-1511
137Cs Soil to Rice Transfer Factor and Soil Properties: Fukushima and Kawauchi Case Study
Wiseman Chisale BEKELESITriyono BASUKISatoru NAKASHIMA
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2022 Volume 21 Pages 1-12


 The long-term migration of 137Cs in the environment is mainly through the 137Cs adsorbed on the dispersed soil particles of various sizes. However, the transfer of 137Cs from soil to plant, especially rice plant, remains questionable. The objective of this study is to determine the relation among soil characteristics, 137Cs distribution and transfer factor (TF) of 137Cs from soil to rice. In this study paddy fields in Kawauchi and Fukushima were chosen. This is because more studies have focused only on one sampling field and there have not been much discussion comparing various fields as envisaged in this study. The results have shown that TF for Kawauchi is 5-fold higher than that of Fukushima. Physicochemical properties of the soils showed that Fukushima soil has less percentage of exchangeable 137Cs and high percentage of exchangeable K in contrast to Kawauchi soil. These factors likely disturbed the transfer of 137Cs from soil into the rice plant. Powder X-ray diffraction has shown that Fukushima soil is rich in micaceous minerals which also release a lot of K+ to distract the 137Cs transfer. This study suggests that the presence of micaceous minerals in the soil would be a good amendment for radiocesium-contaminated rice paddy fields in enhancing adsorption of 137Cs in the soil. However, there is still a need to investigate adsorption kinetics of 137Cs to ascertain higher values of TF in Kawauchi soil.

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© 2022 Japanese Society of Radiation Safety Managenent
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