2014 Volume 55 Issue 4 Pages 235-240
When a high speed train enters a tunnel, a micro-pressure wave radiates out from its exit portal. The micro-pressure wave can cause wayside environmental problems. Topography around the tunnel exit portal affects the peak value of the micro-pressure wave. In this paper, model experiments using a train model launcher were performed for investigating the effects of topography around the tunnel portal on the micro-pressure wave. Four types of topographic models, infinite flat ground, excavation on one side, excavation on both sides and elevated bridge, were used to measure the spatial distribution of the peak values of the micro-pressure waves. Furthermore, a modification of a prediction model for the peak value of the micro-pressure wave radiation was made on the basis of the experimental results.