2012 Volume 25 Issue 5 Pages 391-396
This study aims to verify which CO2 reduction measures are effective for strengthening local regions through the local economy, job creation, etc. First, we assembled practical measures, based on national and regional laws and institutions for reducing CO2 emissions. We then created two Roadmaps for Aichi prefecture to reduce CO2 emissions — one based on national measures (RM-1), and one on local measures (RM-2), which together will reduce CO2 by 40% of 1990 levels by 2030. We estimated the CO2 emissions and investment amount of each reduction measure by evaluating its introduction capacity. Next, we used a “Model of Local Climate Policy and Economic Analysis” developed in this research project to predict the economic effects in 2030 in Aichi.
As a result, the gross regional product of the RM-2 Roadmap based is predicted to be approximately 7 trillion yen higher than RM-1 in 2030, and the impact on job creation of RM-2 is calculated to be about 60,000 to 90,000 larger than RM-1. The CO2 reduction measures based on local regions will not only cut CO2 emissions but also contribute to the resiliency of local regions by stimulating job creation, revitalizing the local economy, and progressing toward a low-carbon society.