2005 Volume 1 Pages 193-196
Using new gauge-based gridded daily precipitation climatology over monsoon Asia (5-60°N, 65-155°E) with a grid resolution of 0.05°, we validate the precipitation climatology simulated by a global 20-km resolution atmospheric model of the Meteorological Research Institute of the Japan Meteorological Agency. The new gauge-based precipitation climatology explicitly expresses orographic precipitation over the East Asia. The model has the highest resolution of all atmospheric general circulation models currently in use to study global warming. It successfully simulates orographically enhanced precipitation patterns presented in the East Asia climatology (hereafter, EA clim). The model overestimates precipitation averaged over land areas of monsoon Asia, and bias is larger over India and central China. Difference in annual precipitation between the model and EA clim exceeds those between other well-known grid precipitation climatological datasets. EA clim can be used to validate seasonal changes in monsoon precipitation over the domain, including mountainous regions. The 20-km resolution model reproduces seasonal cycles in precipitation over northern China and the Himalayas. However, large biases and seasonal cycle differences occur over India and central and southern China. As the model resolution improves, gridded daily precipitation datasets based on dense rain-gauge networks should be prepared to validate the model results.