2014 Volume 10 Pages 154-157
Herein, the spatial distribution of stable oxygen isotope ratios (δ18O) of precipitation in the Atlantic to Indian sectors of the Southern Ocean is examined using the results of in situ observations and numerical modeling. In situ observations of 59 precipitation events reveal poleward decrease of δ18O, with a larger meridional gradient south of 60°S. Moreover, the estimates from the observations and model (IsoGSM) agree reasonably well, with a mean absolute difference of 4.3‰. Thus, the IsoGSM results generally support the observed poleward increase in the meridional gradient. These results will prove valuable in investigating the atmospheric water cycle and in studying oceanic processes of water mass formation and transport.