2014 Volume 10 Pages 194-198
The ECMWF 2.5° gridded analysis was used to re-examine the evolution of the synoptic flow patterns and frontal structure of an early summer monsoon trough that occurred during 10-15 June 1975. A blocking pattern that began with an omega shape developed into a Rex pattern on 12 June. During 10-14 June, the blocking low pressure and associated trough axis were almost stagnant. As a result, the Mei-Yu front was quasi-stationary and affected the Taiwan area for more than four days.
Similar to other frontal systems during the early summer rainy season over southern China, this Mei-Yu front exhibited baroclinic characteristics in the subtropics. In the lower troposphere, appreciable temperature gradients and maximum frontogenesis due to horizontal deformation between the postfrontal northwesterlies and prefrontal southwesterlies were diagnosed. The western section (∼115°E) of this frontal system exhibited a marked northward vertical tilt. An upper-level jet near the tropopause was also present. A moist tongue was located south of the surface cold front within the low-level southwesterlies and extended vertically upward. A thermally direct circulation across the front with ascending motion within the prefrontal warm, moist air and descending motion within the postfrontal cold, dry air underneath the upper-level jet was diagnosed.