Online ISSN : 1349-6476
Temporal Variation in Iron Flux Deposition onto the Northern North Pacific Reconstructed from an Ice Core Drilled at Mount Wrangell, Alaska
Hirotaka SasakiSumito MatobaTakayuki ShiraiwaCarl S. Benson
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2016 Volume 12 Pages 287-290


To quantify the atmospheric iron deposition on the northern North Pacific region, we measured concentrations of iron in ice cores drilled at Mount Wrangell, Alaska, in 2003 and 2004. The iron concentration profile from 1981 to 2003 showed seasonal peaks each spring. This variation was similar to the seasonal variation in the concentration of mineral dust in the atmosphere in the North Pacific region. The annual iron fluxes calculated from the ice core records ranged from 3.2 to 27.0 mg m−2 yr−1, and the temporal variation in the iron flux was significantly correlated with the frequency of severe dust storms occurrence on the East Asian continent (r = 0.65, p < 0.05) and the total number of Kosa days observed in Japan (r = 0.64-0.66, p < 0.05), but not with the precipitation amount in Alaska. We concluded that the amount of iron deposition onto the northern North Pacific is controlled mainly by the emission of dust from the east Asian continent and not by scavenging processes in Alaska.

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© 2016 by the Meteorological Society of Japan
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