2019 Volume 15 Pages 75-79
Herein, (i) the remote influence of positive Indian Ocean Dipole (P-IOD) events in enhancing Tibetan High and (ii) its impact on the East Asian climate, from July to September, is analyzed based on composite analysis and linear baroclinic model experiment. In the equatorial Indian Ocean, convective activity enhances over the western part and suppresses over the eastern, which is associated with the zonal contrast of the sea surface temperature anomaly during P-IOD events. A lower-tropospheric clockwise circulation anomaly is evident from the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean where the suppressed convection is seen to the Indochina Peninsula. The streamlines arrive at the seas east of the Philippines, contributing to the enhancement of the monsoon trough. In the upper troposphere, crucial divergence anomaly over a wide area in the western North Pacific and the associated stronger-than-normal northward divergent winds toward East Asia cause strong northward negative-vorticity advection over the northern part of East Asia, contributing to the northeastward extension of the Tibetan High. This circulation anomaly contributes to both the significantly hot conditions in boreal summer and the late-summer heat over East Asia.