Journal of the Japan Society for Technology of Plasticity
Online ISSN : 1882-0166
Print ISSN : 0038-1586
ISSN-L : 0038-1586
Characteristics of Austenite Grain Refinement by High-Speed Large-Reduction Forging
— Production Technology for Fine Grained Steel by Large Deformation Forging III —
Masaru MIYAKEYasuhiro SODANI
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2012 Volume 53 Issue 616 Pages 467-471


To obtain fine and uniform microstructures, appropriate forging conditions were examined using high-speed large-reduction forging. Swing-type forging equipment was employed in hot-forging experiments using low-carbon steel (0.14%C-0.64%Mn). Also, a microstructure analytical system was developed by combining thermomechanical FE analysis with microstructural analysis to discuss the metallurgical phenomena occurring during forging. It was observed that coarse austenite grains can be refined to 20-30 μm uniformly using the proposed forging technology in the case of 59% reduction in thickness at 1273 K. In this case, dynamic recrystallization is a dominant factor for obtaining fine and uniform austenite grains. In the case of 43% reduction in thickness, the recrystallization is inhomogeneous, resulting in an inhomogeneous microstructure. Thus, about 60% reduction in thickness is necessary to obtain fine and uniform microstructures using the proposed technology when applied to the roughing of hot strip mills.

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© 2012 The Japan Society for Technology of Plasticity
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