2014 Volume 55 Issue 639 Pages 331-335
Light gauge channel steel is fabricated from a steel sheet by roll forming. The cut end deformation of the channel steel was investigated by experiment and three-dimensional finite-element simulation. During roll forming, concave, convex and reverse bending deformations on a flange occur and causing bending lines to diverge from the point of contact between the top roll and the corner of the flange. The reverse bending deformation is caused by a bending moment and a twisting moment. These moments remain on the flange. When the channel steel is cut, the release of the bending moment results in an opening at both the top end and the tail end. Then, the release of the twisting moment makes the flange close at the top end and open at the tail end. Deformations at the tail end become widely open with the overlap of the two moments.