2016 Volume 57 Issue 660 Pages 47-52
Warm forming at temperatures from 200 to 600℃ has several advantages compared with cold forming at room temperature: better shape accuracy, better stretch flange formability and lower press load. In this study, the stretch formability in warm forming of uncoated high-strength-steel sheets and galvannealed high-strength-steel sheets were investigated by spherical stretch forming tests from room temperature to 600℃. The experimental results showed that the maximum formable dome height without cracks in warm forming is lower than that in cold forming despite the lower material strength at elevated temperatures. In order to clarify the factors leading to poor stretch formability when using warm forming, surface temperatures and strains were examined in the spherical stretch forming tests. Also, sliding tests of strips of the uncoated steel sheets and galvannealed steel sheets were carried out under the same heating conditions as the spherical stretch forming tests. The results suggested that two factors could cause the degradation of stretch forming performance during warm forming: differences in material strength between high- and low-temperature areas, especially at high initial forming temperatures of more than 400°C, and high coefficients of friction, particularly at a low initial forming temperature of 200℃. It would be necessary to take both factors into account during warm forming.