2018 Volume 59 Issue 2 Pages 97-109
Immediate implant placement can be successful, even at infected sites. The adjunctive effects of concomitant use of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and decalcified freeze-dried bone allografts (DFDBA) at periapically infected sites remains to be determined, however. The purpose of this prospective study was to investigate the effect of combined use of PRF and DFDBA on immediate implant survival at tooth extraction sites exhibiting periapical lesions. Implants were immediately placed in 8 patients under a standard chemotherapeutic protocol. Adin titanium implants were used in all cases. The combination of PRF and DFDBA was used to fill the gap between the implant body and the surrounding socket wall. The final restoration was placed after 3 months. The full-mouth plaque, gingival bleeding index, and gingival esthetics scores were assessed at 3, 6, and 12 months. Cone beam computed tomography images obtained at baseline and at 12 months after implant loading were analyzed. The plaque index scores showed statistically significant differences at 3, 6, and 12 months (p<0.05). The gingival bleeding index score showed no significant difference. No difference was noted in buccal gingival level on the implant surface or adjacent teeth at 91.7% of sites. Complete closure of the interproximal space was seen in 91.7% of the implant sites. Crestal bone levels on all implant surfaces were non-significant. Implant survival was 91.67% at 12 months. The adjunctive use of PRF with DFDBA at periapically infected sites yielded a significant reduction in bone resorption and accelerated bone healing during the initial post-extraction stage. A significant improvement was achieved in the gingival esthetic score at the interproximal and midfacial surfaces. The combined use of growth factors with pre- and postoperative broadspectrum antibiotics over a short time resulted in a higher implant survival rate at the end of the 1 year post-restoration period.