Tetsu-to-Hagane
Online ISSN : 1883-2954
Print ISSN : 0021-1575
ISSN-L : 0021-1575
Regular Article
Effect of Solution Nitriding on Microstructure and Hardness in 12%Cr Martensitic Stainless Steels
Huynh Kinh Luan NgoKoichi NakashimaToshihiro TsuchiyamaSetsuo Takaki
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2012 Volume 98 Issue 1 Pages 25-31

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Abstract

Solution nitriding was applied to conventional 12%Cr stainless steels such as JIS SUS410L, SUS410, SUS420J1 and SUS420J2, and then the microstructure and hardness were examined for the as-quenched specimens as well as tempered ones. Nitrogen concentration was increased to around 0.28 mass% under the solution nitriding condition of 1473K-0.1MPa N2 in all of the 12%Cr steels regardless of the carbon content. Solid solution strengthening by nitrogen was relatively small compared with that by carbon in as-quenched martensite. However, solutionnitrided steels exhibited a remarkably large secondary hardening during tempering, which hardly appears in conventional martensitic stainless steels without nitrogen. TEM observation and X-ray analysis for extracted residue indicated that the secondary hardening by nitrogen was caused by precipitation of fine CrN nitride.

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© 2012 The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
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