Tropical Medicine and Health
Online ISSN : 1349-4147
Print ISSN : 1348-8945
ISSN-L : 1348-8945
Human Echinococcosis: A Neglected Disease?
Philip S. CraigChristine M. BudkePeter M. SchantzTiaoying LiJiamin QiuYurong YangEberhard ZeyhleMichael T. RoganAkira Ito
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2007 Volume 35 Issue 4 Pages 283-292


Human echinococcosis is a zoonotic larval cestode disease usually caused by Echinococcus granulosus or E. multilocularis. Infection is chronic taking years for symptoms to develop. Because diagnosis and treatment are difficult and reservoirs of infection are maintained in domestic livestock, dogs or wildlife, the disease is difficult to assess in terms of public health and requires long-term control interventions. Estimates of numbers of cystic echinococcosis cases that may occur in 2 large endemic zones, North Africa⁄Middle East and China⁄Central Asia, indicates > 423,000 and > 484,000 cases respectively. Globally, 3.6 million DALYs could be lost due to echinoccocosis. Echinococcosis is therefore a neglected disease which is under-reported and requires urgent attention in common with a number of other zoonoses in order to reduce morbidity and to help alleviate poverty in poor pastoral areas of the sub-tropics and temperate zones

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© 2007 by The Japanese Society of Tropical Medicine
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