2013 Volume 26 Issue 4 Pages 423-427
A nephroblastoma is a tumor arising from metanephric blastema occurring in childhood. Among laboratory rodents, nephroblastoma has been frequently reported in rats, but it remains exceedingly rare in mice. The present work describes a nephroblastoma in a young mouse homozygous for the specific Trp53 R172H point mutation coupled with targeted deletion of the Pin1 gene. The affected kidney was effaced by a biphasic tumor with an epithelial component arranged in tubules surrounded by nests of blastemal cells. Immunohistochemically, the neoplasm was diffusely positive for Wilms’ tumor antigen. The epithelial component expressed markers of renal tubular differentiation including wide-spectrum cytokeratin, E-cadherin and folate-binding protein. Furthermore, the neoplasm exhibited a high proliferative index and diffuse nucleocytoplasmic β-catenin expression. Based on histological and immunohistochemical features, a diagnosis of nephroblastoma potentially associated with Trp53 loss and oncogenic β-catenin activation has been proposed.