Journal of Toxicologic Pathology
Online ISSN : 1881-915X
Print ISSN : 0914-9198
ISSN-L : 0914-9198
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The potential of organoids in toxicologic pathology: Histopathological and immunohistochemical evaluation of a mouse normal tissue-derived organoid-based carcinogenesis model
Rikako IshigamoriMie NaruseAkihiro HirataYoshiaki MaruYoshitaka HippoToshio Imai
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2022 Volume 35 Issue 3 Pages 211-223


Recently, we introduced an organoid-based chemical carcinogenesis model using mouse normal tissue-derived organoids. In the present review article, the histopathological and immunohistochemical characteristics of mouse normal tissue-derived organoids and tumors derived from these organoids after their in vitro treatment with genotoxic carcinogens and injection into nude mouse are reviewed. In organoids treated in vitro with genotoxic carcinogens, we confirmed macroscopic tumorigenicity and histopathological findings, including neoplastic characteristics, such as multilayered epithelia and/or invasion of epithelia into the surrounding interstitium. In contrast glandular/cystic structures with monolayered epithelia were clearly demarcated from the surrounding Matrigel/interstitium in the untreated control groups. In addition to macroscopic tumorigenicity, these microscopic epithelial changes, which are characteristic of the early stages of carcinogenesis, are included in the requirements for carcinogenicity-positive judgement of the organoid-based carcinogenesis model. Immunohistochemistry of cytokeratins (CKs), used to determine the origin of epithelia and distribution of extraductal invasive lesions, or oncogenic kinases, which reflect molecular activation in epithelia following chemical treatment, is helpful for accurate diagnosis and molecular evaluation in the early stages of carcinogenesis. This information improves our biological understanding of organoid-based chemical carcinogenesis models.

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© 2022 The Japanese Society of Toxicologic Pathology
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