2023 Volume 36 Issue 1 Pages 1-10
Siraitia grosvenorii is the fruit of a cucurbitaceous vine endemic to China. Its extract has been used as a sweetener and exhibits various anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic effects mediated via its antioxidant properties. In the present study, we aimed to clarify the preventive or ameliorative effects of S. grosvenorii extract (SGE) on nonalcoholic steatohepatitis-like lesions induced in male Hsd: Sprague Dawley rats fed a choline-deficient, methionine-lowered, l-amino acid-defined diet for 13 weeks. This diet increased hepatotoxicity parameters and upregulated the expression of inflammation- and fibrosis-related genes in the liver, resulting in the progression of hepatic lesions, oxidative stress, hepatocellular apoptosis, and fibrosis. Furthermore, this diet upregulated the expression of phosphorylated nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and CD44. SGE administration inhibited these lesions, similar to CD44, a factor that controls hepatic inflammation and fibrosis. These results revealed that SGE impacts the disease stage via antioxidative effects and regulation of CD44 expression. SGE was found to be useful for preventing and treating steatohepatitis.