2021 Volume 9 Pages 11-19
Based on the previous research by Yano and Han (2020), this study conducted a pretest for the development of the "School QOL Scale for Children" to evaluate the school life of children and the reliability and the validity of the scale was verified. As a result, 19 items in 4 areas were set by expert consultation regarding the composition of the scale. Regarding the question items, we asked for opinions on the content of the questions to be asked during the pretest for elementary and junior high school students, but there was no particular opinion. The pretest was conducted from February to March 2021 and 140 data were collected from elementary and junior high school students (recovery rate 100%). Of these, 136 data were analyzed, excluding missing values. In the reliability verification of the scale, the Cronbach's α value was calculated using internal consistency. As a result, the α value of the region was 0.645 to 0.842, and the overall α value was 0.890 and α > 0.700, confirming the reliability. Next, as a result of verifying the validity of the construct using SEM, GFI = 0.839, CFI = 0.883, and RMSEA = 0.072, which are not high goodness of fit. In the future, it will be necessary to conduct an unbiased survey of elementary and junior high school students who will be evaluated by the scale and expand the number of data to be analyzed to re-verify the validity of the constructs that could not be obtained in this study.