Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
Online ISSN : 1884-2836
Print ISSN : 1344-6304
Short Communication
Antibiotic Resistance of Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli Isolated from Children with Diarrhea in Thailand and Japan
Ngan Thi Kim PhamAksara ThongprachumDinh Nguyen TranShuichi NishimuraYuko Shimizu-OndaQuang Duy TrinhPattara KhamrinNuthapong UkarapolTipachan KongsricharoernShihoko Komine-AizawaShoko OkitsuNiwat ManeekarnSatoshi HayakawaHiroshi Ushijima
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2016 Volume 69 Issue 1 Pages 77-79

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Abstract

A total of 29 Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli strains were isolated from Thai and Japanese children with diarrhea using the Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification method. The samples were evaluated for mutations in gyrA and 23S rRNA in order to assess resistance against fluoroquinolones and macrolides, respectively. Among the isolated strains, 9 (8 C. jejuni and 1 C. coli) were from Thai children, and the other 20 (C. jejuni) were isolated from Japanese children. High fluoroquinolone resistance rates were observed in Thai (66.7%) and Japanese (90%) children. Macrolide resistance was not observed in Japanese children but was observed at a considerable rate of 12.5% of C. jejuni isolated in the Thai cohort. The results indicate that continuous monitoring of resistance of Campylobacter strains to fluoroquinolones and macrolides is definitely necessary.

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