2022 Volume 75 Issue 5 Pages 461-465
Intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) develop in 2.4%–26.6% of patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer and are occasionally serious. However, there are few reports on the causative organisms of IAI following upper gastrointestinal tract surgery and subsequent risk factors for Candida infections. This study aimed to identify the microorganisms that cause IAIs after gastrectomy and risk factors for Candida-related IAI. The records of patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer between January 2009 and December 2019 at Shizuoka General Hospital were retrospectively collected. Patients with IAIs of grade II or higher, as measured by the Clavien–Dindo classification, were included in the analysis. The selected patients were divided into the Candida and non-Candida groups according to the presence or absence of Candida as the causative organism. Of 1,379 patients, 56 (4.1%) were diagnosed with IAIs after gastrectomy. Fifty-two patients were included in the study based on culture analyses. A total of 111 strains and 28 bacterial species were isolated during the initial culture test. Candida constituted 7.2% of all identified pathogens. Regarding the risk factors for Candida-related IAI, a history of antimicrobial use and ≥ 4 postoperative days of IAI development were independent risk factors for Candida-related IAI.