Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
Online ISSN : 1884-2836
Print ISSN : 1344-6304
ISSN-L : 1344-6304
Socio- demographic correlates of HIV sero-discordance among couples in West Bengal, India; A cross sectional analysis.
Debjit ChakrabortySuman GangulyFalguni DebnathSubrata BiswasMalay Kumar SahaShanta Dutta
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JOURNAL FREE ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: JJID.2021.330

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Abstract

Serodiscordant couples serves as potential source of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) transmission. Understanding demographic dynamics of serodiscordant couples plays an important role in tailoring interventions towards eliminating HIV. We conducted this cross sectional analysis in 314 Integrated Counseling and Testing Centres (ICTCs) in West Bengal, India during April 2016 to March 2020. General individuals who were detected as HIV reactive and whose spouses were also tested for HIV comprised the study population (8740 couples). Sociodemographic variables were compared across concordant and discordant arms and also between male positive (M+ F-) and female positive (F+ M-) subgroups of serodiscordant. Among the couples studied, 35.2% (95% CI: 34.2- 36.2 %) were serodiscordant. Among serodiscordant couples, the proportion of M+ F- (86.1%) was significantly higher than F+ M- (13.9%). We observed higher mean ages of couples, higher education, business & service occupations and urban residence as significantly associated with serodiscordance relationship (p < 0.05). Higher mean age of couple and lower proportion of housewives were associated with F+M- subgroup. As around 35% serodiscordant couples carry the risk of transmission to negative spouses particularly in higher age and urban residence, thus reorientation of HIV programme may be required accordingly to avert transmission in future.

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