2003 Volume 9 Issue 1 Pages 111-116
A questionnaire concerning lower back symptoms was administered to 282 female dancers of classical ballet, over 18 years old. Average hours for training was longer in professionals (11hrs), than in amateurs (6hrs). Number of stage performances was 12 times greater in professional dancers, in comparison with amateur dancers who averaged only 2 performances. Low back pain was found in 92% of professionals versus in 84% of amateurs. Out of this 43% of professionals who reported experiencing that impaired their training exercises, 10% of professional dancers were unable to dance, on occasion. Both professional and amateur dancers reported that low back pain was most prevalent on the left side of low back. Only 10% of the dancers visited hospitals for low back pain. The study concluded that the main cause of the low back pain in professional and amateur dancers was due to overuse and overwork. Regular medical examinations and dance education are necessary in order for ballet dancers to minimize the occurrence of chronic low back pain.