BioScience Trends
Online ISSN : 1881-7823
Print ISSN : 1881-7815
ISSN-L : 1881-7815
Advance online publication
Displaying 1-2 of 2 articles from this issue
  • Honghui Yang, Guian Xu, Qingman Li, Lijie Zhu
    Article type: research-article
    Article ID: 2024.01096
    Published: 2024
    Advance online publication: July 06, 2024

    Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is an early marker for atherosclerosis and is mainly induced by the osteoblast-like phenotype conversion of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Recent reports indicate that NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3)-mediated pyroptosis plays a significant role in the calcification of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), making it a promising target for treating calcific aortic valve disease (CAC). Ligustrazine, or tetramethylpyrazine (TMP), has been found effective in various cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and is suggested to inhibit NLRP3-mediated pyroptosis. However, the function of TMP in CAC is unknown. Herein, influences of TMP on β-glycerophosphate (β-GP)-stimulated VSMCs and OPG−/− mice were explored. Mouse Aortic Vascular Smooth Muscle (MOVAS-1) cells were stimulated by β-GP with si- caspase-3, si- Gasdermin E (GSDME) or TMP. Increased calcification, reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, Interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and Interleukin-18 (IL-18) levels, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, enhanced apoptosis, and activated cysteine-aspartic acid protease-3 (caspase-3)/GSDME signaling were observed in β-GP-stimulated MOVAS-1 cells, which was sharply alleviated by si-caspase-3, si-GSDME or TMP. Furthermore, the impact of TMP on the β-GP-induced calcification and injury in MOVAS-1 cells was abolished by raptinal, an activator of caspase-3. Subsequently, OPG-/- mice were dosed with TMP or TMP combined with raptinal. Calcium deposition, increased nodules, elevated IL-1β and IL-18 levels, upregulated CASP3 and actin alpha 2, smooth muscle (ACTA2), and activated caspase-3/GSDME signaling in OPG-/- mice were markedly alleviated by TMP, which were notably reversed by the co-administration of raptinal. Collectively, TMP mitigated CAC by inhibiting caspase-3/GSDME mediated pyroptosis.

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  • Meijun Pan, Qing Qi, Chuyu Li, Jing Wang, Xinyao Pan, Jing Zhou, Hongm ...
    Article type: research-article
    Article ID: 2024.01120
    Published: 2024
    Advance online publication: June 26, 2024

    Diagnosing Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) relies on thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) titers. The influence of these antibodies on female infertility remains a subject of debate. This study aims to explore the effect and mechanism of HT on female infertility. First, a single-center cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate whether TgAb and TPOAb are the key factors leading to female infertility. Second, bioinformatic analysis was performed to investigate the potential target molecules and pathways. Third, in vivo experiments were performed to explore the effects of elevated TgAb levels on embryo implantation in a mouse model of autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT). Four hundred and five infertile women and 155 healthy controls were enrolled in the cross-sectional study. Results indicated that the TPOAb titer was associated with female infertility, while the TgAb titer showed no significant association. The increased levels of TgAb and TPOAb are not significantly correlated with anti-Mullerian hormone. Bioinformatic analysis indicated that the common target molecules for HT and female infertility include interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, matrix metalloproteinase 9, and tumor necrosis factor, suggesting potential regulation through multiple signaling pathways such as HIF-1, VEGF, MAPK, and Th17 cell differentiation. A certain dose of porcine thyroglobulin can successfully establish a mouse model of AIT. In this mouse model, embryo implantation and ovarian reserve remain unaffected by elevated TgAb levels. In conclusion, the serum TPOAb titer was associated with infertility due to female factors but the TgAb titer showed no significant association. A simple increase in serum TgAb titer does not affect embryo implantation and ovarian reserve in the AIT model.

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