The aim of this research is to model the three-dimensional shape of clothes worn for easy customization of ready-made clothes. We investigated the method for modeling bodice parts of clothes worn as a first step. The three-dimensional human body shape data of 55 Japanese adult women (22-55 years old) were analyzed. The data of the trunk from neckline to waistline was chosen from three-dimensional human body shape data, and convex hulls of these data were generated. A homology model of the convex hulls was generated based on landmarks. A bodice model was generated by the homology model of the convex hulls converted into bilaterally symmetrical shapes. As a result of analyzing 55 bodice models by principal component analysis, the characteristics of bodice shapes were explained using five factors: slender or stocky build; body thickness; shoulder slope and posture (sloping shoulders with stooped body vs. square shoulders with backward-inclined body); breast size and the inclination from a bust line to a waist line; and positional relationship between the humerus head to the trunk. These are important factors for fitting of clothes. The result shows that we can model the bodice part of clothes worn by adjusting the mesh of the bodice model to the grainline of fabric.
Objective of this study was to clarify acute influence of boxing exercise (BE) and Yoga on psychological state in middle aged women. The subjects were 40 middle aged women (20 in each program) who voluntarily participated in either class of BE program or Yoga program provided in local community. Psychological state was assessed using Profile of Mood States (POMS), composed of 6 subscales (Tension-Anxiety, Depression-Dejection, Anger-Hostility, Vigor, Fatigue, Confusion), before and after the class. The acute influence on the mood of each exercise program was examined by within group comparison of change using Wilcoxon test. Difference of change in the mood between the groups was examined by analysis of covariance using the change in the mood from before to after the class for the objective variable, groups for explanatory variable, and a value of mood before the class, age, and BMI for adjusting variables. As a result, the BE group showed significant positive within-group differences in the subscale of “Tension-Anxiety” and “Depression”. The Yoga group showed significant positive changes in “Tension-Anxiety”, “Depression”, “Anger-Hostility”, “Vigor”, and “Confusion”. The significant difference of change in the mood between the groups was observed in the subscale of “Anger-Hostility”, which showed negative change in the BE group and positive change in the Yoga group. These results showed that the BE and Yoga programs, composed of different mode (dynamic or static) of exercise, brought an acute changes in the mood in the middle-aged women, but that the pattern of the change in profile of the mood was different by the mode and intensity of the exercise program.
In recent years, more and more scholars conduct research on Deaf culture representing hearing handicapped people “Deaf”, a linguistic minority. However, scholars have studied Deaf culture in developing countries based on a medical model persistently. This research aims to demonstrate how Deaf culture is expressed among deaf students at Indian schools while education for the hearing handicapped is changing day by day.
I conducted fieldwork in Delhi and Darjeeling through the method of participant observation. I selected the schools for this investigation where hearing handicapped students had registered. I basically observed the interaction between teachers and students in those schools, and had interview with them if needed.
I observed specific characteristics between hearings and deaf and extracted some unique features among deaf students, which were represented as “Deaf culture”. Through the fieldwork I found those three profiles as below.
(1) A situation where a limited number of hearing teachers dominated a large number of deaf students,
(2) An interaction between teachers and students,
(3) The play world which deaf students created.
I could not find any interaction among deaf students under a strict oral method education. Moreover, it was found that adults who had an oral method education throughout their youth did not belong to any particular communities.
I also found that an oral method dominated many schools. It was similar with the scenes of Colonialism that the hearing people extended domination over Deaf through an ideology which held power in relationships rather than by dominating them directly. Moreover, it was hard to develop an interaction among deaf students under Audism, and they didn’t belong to a particular community after they became adults. It is important that deaf students find a particular community to belong in early stages. At the same time, we should appreciate that deaf people have a great diversity which is not tied to a conventional concept of “Deaf” so that we could perceive deaf culture at a new point of view.
This research did not have enough interview data with Deaf since I did not have enough time to do research and had difficulties with speaking local languages as well as Indian sign language. Long term research based on interview method in local languages should be conducted.
We studied biomarkers (hydrocarbons, fatty acids and sterols) in foam substances from the Chikugo River system in the Hita City area, Oita Prefecture to elucidate their source organisms and materials. Normal-alkanes with a predominance of odd-carbon numbers were found together with unidentified branched alkanes and unresolved complex mixture of hydrocarbons (UCMH), and with small amount of isoprenoid alkanes. Abundance of short-chain n-alkanoic acids (C12-C19) and cholesterol were found, along with the small amounts of long-chain n-alkanoic adids (C20-C30) and branched acids (iso- and anteiso-C13-C17). Biomarkers in foam substances are, therefore, mainly derived from microalgae and cyanobacteria with small amounts of vascular plants and eubacteria. The occurrence of UCMH as well as epimerized triterpanes and steranes strongly suggest the contribution of petroleum products from automobiles and road runoff including asphalts in the Chikugo River basin. Branched alkanes may be derived from insects such as Chironomidae. These organic components are important in the formation of foam substances in the Chikugo River system of the Hita City area.
Recent interest was forced on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) related to the metabolic syndrome. The prevalence of NAFLD in Japan is increasing and estimated as about 30%. Branched chain amino acids (BCAA) has been reported to promote skeletal muscle synthesis, and suppressive effects of organ lipid accumulation has been also reported. The aim of this study is to estimate the effects of BCAA on the liver lipid accumulation and proinflammation in diet-induce obesity mice. Five-week old male C57BL/6J mice fed a high fat diet (50 energy % by lard) and test diet containing 20% casein (CO as control), 12% leucine and 5% valine mixture (LV) for 12 weeks. Liver triglyceride accumulation was significantly decreased in the LV group. Significant differences between CO and LV group were not observed in mRNA expression of TNF-alpha and a subunit of the NADPH oxidase enzyme, which is proinflammatory markers, and lipid metabolism-related enzymes were not observed. Acyl-CoA oxidase (ACOX) activity was significantly higher in the LV group compared with the CO group, whereas the activity of FAS was not significantly different. These results suggest that leucine and valine suppresses liver lipid accumulation through the activate in of the ACOX.